Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.75, No.6, 1285-1291, 2007
Metallopeptidase, neurolysin, as a novel molecular tool for analysis of properties of cancer-producing matrix metalloproteinases-2 and-9
To compare the substrate preferences of rat brain neurolysin and cancer-producing matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which have the same architecture in their catalytic domains, the cleavage activity of neurolysin toward MMP-specific fluorescence-quenching peptides was quantitatively measured. The results show that neurolysin effectively cleaved MOCAc [(7-methoxy coumarin-4-yl) acetyl]-RPKPYANvaWMK(Dnp[2,4-dinitrophenyl])-NH2, a specific substrate of MMP-2 and MMP-9, but hardly cleaved MOCAc-RPKPVENvaWRK(Dnp)-NH2, a specific substrate of MMP-3, suggesting that neurolysin has a similar substrate preference to MMP-2 and MMP-9. A structural comparison between neurolysin and MMP-9 showed the similar key amino acid residues for substrate recognition. The possible application of neurolysin displayed on the yeast cell surface, as a safe protein alternative to MMP-2 and MMP-9 which induce cancer cell growth, invasion, and metastasis, to analysis of properties of the MMPs, including the screening of inhibitors and analysis of inhibition mechanism etc., are also discussed.