Solid-State Electronics, Vol.48, No.10-11, 1987-1992, 2004
Low temperature MOSFET technology with Schottky barrier source/drain, high-K gate dielectric and metal gate electrode
Both P- and N-channel MOSFET's with Schottky barrier silicide source/drain (S/D), high-K gate dielectric and metal gate were successfully fabricated using a simplified low temperature process. The highest temperature after the high-K dielectric formation is 420degreesC. PMOSFETs with PtSi S/D show excellent electrical performance of an I-on/I-off similar to 10(7)-10(8) and a subthreshold slope of 66 mV/dec, similar to those formed by a normal process with an optimized sidewall spacer. NMOSFETs with DySi2-x S/D have similar to3 orders of magnitude larger I-off than that of PMOSFETs and show two slopes in the subthreshold region, resulting in the I-on/I-off similar to 10(5) at low drain voltage. It can be attributed to the relatively higher barrier height (Phi(n)) of DySi2-x/n-Si than that of PtSi/p-Si (Phi(p)) and the rougher DySi2-x film. Adding a thin intermediate Ge layer (similar to1nm) between Dy and Si can improve the film morphology significantly. As a result, the improved performance of N-MOSFET is observed. (C) 2004 Published by Elsevier Ltd.