Current Applied Physics, Vol.4, No.6, 577-580, 2004
Charge transport properties of composites of multiwalled carbon nanotube with metal catalyst and polymer: application to electromagnetic interference shielding
We report charge transport properties such as d.c. conductivity (sigma(DC)) and its temperature dependence for composites of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). The MWCNTs were synthesized through chemical vapor deposition with Fe or Co as catalyst. The MWCNTs were homogeneously dispersed in PMMA matrix through sonication to prepare MWCNT-PMMA composite films. We controlled mass concentration of MWCNTs in the composites, and the thickness of MWCNT-PMMA composite films was 20-100 mum. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy were used to study structure and homogeneity of the composites. The sDC at room temperature of MWCNT-PMMA composites increased as mass concentration of MWCNTs increased, which followed percolation theory. Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding efficiency (SE) of MWCNT-PMMA composites was measured in the frequency range of 50 MHz-3.5 GHz. We observed the increase of EMI SE of MWCNT-PMMA composites with increasing the concentration of MWCNTs. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:multiwalled carbon nanotube;composite;electrical conductivity;electromagnetic interference shielding