Current Microbiology, Vol.45, No.4, 299-302, 2002
Isolation and characterization of a strain of Bacillus thuringiensis ssp kurstaki containing a new delta-endotoxin gene
A strain of Bacillus thuringiensis that showed significantly high toxicity to Plutella xylostella and Spodoptera exigua was isolated from a Korean soil sample and characterized. The isolate, named B. thuringiensis K1, was determined to belong to ssp. kurstaki (H3a3b3c) type by an H antisera agglutination test and produced bipyramidal inclusions. Plasmid pattern of K1 was different from that of the reference strain, ssp. kurstaki HD-1, but the parasporal inclusion protein profile of K1 had two major bands that were similar in size to those of ssp. kurstaki HD-1. To verify the delta-endotoxin gene types of K1, PCR analysis with specific cry, gene primers was performed to show that K1 contained a new cry, gene in addition to cry1Aa, cry1Ab, cry1Ac, cry1E and cry2 genes. PCR-amplified region of the new cry gene, cryX, showed 79% similarity to cry1Fa1 gene (GenBank Accession No. M63897). In an insect toxicity assay, K1 had higher toxicity against Plutella xylostella and S. exigua than ssp. kurstaki HD-1.