Biomacromolecules, Vol.6, No.3, 1713-1721, 2005
Synthesis and characterization of novel blood-compatible soluble chemically cross-linked polyurethanes with excellent mechanical performance for biomedical applications
A controlled cross-linking polymerization system was designed, and soluble chemically cross-linked polyurethane was synthesized using laurylamine, n-octylamine, n-pentylamine, and ethylenediamine chain extenders. The mechanical analysis showed that the polyurethane materials synthesized in this paper have very excellent mechanical properties with a breaking elongation of 1914% and a tensile strength of 4303 N/cm(2). Such good mechanical properties must enable it to have good longevity when used as biomaterials. The polyurethane materials with n-pentylamine and n-octylamine chain extenders show reduced platelet adhesion than that with an ethylenediamine chain extender after sustaining 200 000 times of load cycles, indicating that polyurethanes introduced with an alkyl side chain onto the hard segments keep good antithrombogenic properties after sustaining load cycles. This might be because the hard segments are shielded by the alkyl side chain when the micro- phase- separation structure is destroyed in the repeated deformation of the polyurethane materials. The present investigation reveals that the influence of introducing long alkyl side chains into the backbone of the polyurethane macromolecule has been shown to reduce platelet deposition and to enhance in vitro albumin adsorption. However, in this paper, it has been observed that the polyurethane material introduced with a proper-length alkyl side chain onto the hard segment has the best antithrombogenic properties after the fatigue test.