Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.307, No.4, 1051-1058, 2003
A role for alpha V integrin subunit in TGF-beta-stimulated osteoclastogenesis
TGF-beta increases bone resorption in vivo and greatly increases osteoclast formation stimulated by receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) in vitro. TGF-beta does not independently affect the differentiation state of RAW264.7 preosteoclasts, but increases cell attachment to vitronectin. This effect is mediated by increased expression of alphaV integrin subunit mRNA and protein. Concomitant with induction of osteoclast differentiation, RANKL causes relocation of alphaV to focal sites in the cell. This effect is potentiated by TGF-beta. Integrin blockade disrupts both attachment to vitronectin and RANKL-induced osteoclast formation, but culture on vitronectin has little effect. Ectopic expression of alphaV stimulates multinucleation of RAW264.7 cells and increases the number of osteoclasts formed in the presence of RANKL. These data suggest that TGF-beta potentiates RANKL-induced osteoclast formation, in part by increased expression of the alphaV integrin subunit, which may contribute to cell fusion. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.