Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.307, No.2, 422-429, 2003
Homology modeling of allergenic cyclophilins: IgE-binding site and structural basis of cross-reactivity
Cross-reactivity among allergens is of considerable scientific as well as clinical interest. Proteins belonging to the allergenic cyclophilin family share a high degree of sequence homology and are cross-reactive. Until date no three-dimensional structural information is available on these proteins and the shared structural features of the epitopes which are the most important determinants of cross-reactivity. Cyclophilins are also known to bind with the immuno-suppressive drug cyclosporin. Comparative molecular modeling of these allergenic cyclophilin proteins of different sources was performed in order to investigate the structural basis of their cross-reactivity. All the proteins studied revealed a similarity in the shape of the cross-reactive epitopes with varying degrees of accessibility. Cyclosporin binding and allergenic properties of these proteins were also found to be structurally related. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.