Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.306, No.3, 674-679, 2003
Down-regulation of Toll-like receptor expression in monocyte-derived Langerhans cell-like cells: implications of low-responsiveness to bacterial components in the epidermal Langerhans cells
In the skin, there are unique dendritic cells called Langerhans cells, however, it remains unclear why this particular type of dendritic cell resides in the epidermis. Langerhans cell-like dendritic cells (LCs) can be generated from CD14(+) monocytes in the presence of GM-CSF, IL-4, and TGF-beta1. We compared LCs with monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) generated from CD14(+) monocytes in the presence of GM-CSF and IL-4 and examined the effect of exposure to two distinct bacterial stimuli via Toll-like receptors (TLRs), such as peptidoglycan (PGN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on LCs and DCs. Although stimulation with both ligands induced a marked up-regulation of CD83 expression on DCs, PGN but not LPS elicited up-regulation of expression CD83 on LCs. Consistent with these results, TLR2 and TLR4 were expressed on DCs, whereas only TLR2 was weakly detected on LCs. These findings suggest the actual feature of epidermal Langerhans cells with low-responsiveness to skin commensals. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.