화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.304, No.2, 260-265, 2003
New phenothiazine-type multidrug resistance modifiers: anti-MDR activity versus membrane perturbing potency
The phenothiazine multidrug resistance (MDR) modulators are chemically diversified but share the common feature to be hydrophobic cationic molecules. Molecular mechanisms of their action may involve interactions with either P-glycoprotein or Membrane lipid matrix. In the present work we study the anti-MDR and biophysical membrane effects of new phenothiazine derivatives differing in the type of group substituting phenothiazine ring at position 2 (H-, CI-, CF3-) and in the side chain group (NHCO2CH3 or NHSO2CH3). Within each phenothiazine subset we found that anti-MDR activity (determined by P-glycoprotein inhibition assessed by flow cytometry) correlates with the theoretically calculated hydrophobicity value (log P) and experimental parameters (determined by calorimetry and fluorescence spectroscopy) of lipid bilayers. It is concluded that the biological and biophysical activity of phenothiazine derivatives depends more on the type of ring substitution than on the nature of the side chain group. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.