Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.304, No.1, 101-106, 2003
Amyloidogenic synthetic peptides of beta 2-microglobulin - a role of the disulfide bond
To search for the essential regions responsible for the beta2-microglobulin (beta2-m) amyloid fibril formation, we synthesized six peptides corresponding to six of the seven beta-sheets in the native structure of beta2-m, and examined their amyloidogenicity. Among the peptides examined, peptide (21-31) (strand 13) and the mixture of peptide (21-31) and (78-86) (strand F) showed fibril formation at both pH 2.5 and 7.5. Peptide (21-31) is the N-terminal half of the previously reported proteolytic fragment of beta2-m, Ser21-Lys41 (K3), suggesting that this region may be the essential core. Interestingly, the dimer formation of peptide (21-31) by the disulfide bond substantially facilitated the fibril formation, indicating that the disulfide bond is important for the structural stability of the fibrils. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.