Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.303, No.1, 302-305, 2003
beta-Amyloid-specific upregulation of stearoyl coenzyme A desaturase-1 in macrophages
beta-Amyloid peptide (Abeta), a major component of senile plaques, the formation of which is characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD), is believed to induce inflammation of the brain mediated by microglia, leading to neuronal cell loss. In this study, we performed an oligonucleotide microarray analysis to investigate the molecular events underlying the Abeta-induced activation of macrophages and its specific suppression by the Abeta-specific-macrophage-activation inhibitor, RS-1178. Of the approximately 36,000 genes and expressed sequence tags analyzed, eight genes were specifically and significantly upregulated by a treatment with interferon gamma (IFNgamma) and Abeta compared to a treatment with IFNgamma alone (p < 0.002). We found that the gene for a well-characterized lipogenetic enzyme, stearoyl coenzyme A desaturase-1 (SCD-1), was specifically upregulated by Abeta treatment and was suppressed to basal levels by RS-1178. Although the underlying mechanisms remain unknown, our results suggest the presence of a link between AD and SCD-1. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.