Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.302, No.1, 84-88, 2003
Heparin inhibits SMC growth in the presence of human and fetal bovine serum
Heparin (HP) has antiproliferative as well as anticoagulant properties, but not all HP preparations are equally antiproliferative. A recent report found that HP lost its total antiproliferative activity when fetal bovine serum (FBS) was replaced with human serum (HS) in culture media. This observation led to the investigation of our most potent antiproliferative Upjohn HP preparation effects on bovine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) and systemic SMC growth stimulated in the presence of either FBS or HS. Bovine PASNIC, human PASMC, and bovine aortic SMC were treated with 10 mug/ml Upjohn HP in either 15% FBS or 15% HS and the cell number was determined by a Coulter counter. We found that Upjohn HP significantly inhibited bovine PASMC and systemic SMC proliferation in both HS and FBS. The antiproliferative activity of the above HP preparation in HS may lead to an effective treatment of pulmonary vascular and systemic remodeling. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.