Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.302, No.1, 12-16, 2003
Role of Wnt10b and C/EBP alpha in spontaneous adipogenesis of 243 cells
This report examines the balance of positive and negative adipogenic factors in a line of immortalized 243 embryonic fibroblasts that undergo spontaneous preadipocyte differentiation. Control of adipogenesis reflects the interplay of factors that promote or inhibit expression of C/EBPalpha and PPARgamma. The 243 cells express C/EBPalpha early and at elevated levels compared to 3T3-F442A preadipocytes or adipocytes. Cell clones were derived from the heterogeneous 243 population for ability or inability to differentiate into adipocytes. Wnt10b, a secreted protein that inhibits adipogenesis, is expressed at high levels in cells with low adipogenic potential and is undetectable in preadipocytes that spontaneously differentiate. In contrast, C/EBPalpha is expressed at reduced levels in cells with low adipogenic potential, and is expressed at high levels in preadipocytes that spontaneously differentiate. These data are consistent with a model in which decreased Wnt10b, coupled with increased C/EBPalpha, results in induction of PPARgamma and spontaneous adipogenesis of 243 cells. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.