Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.301, No.1, 231-235, 2003
Putative function of ADAM9, ADAM10, and ADAM17 as APP alpha-secretase
The putative alpha-secretase cleaves the amyloid precursor protein (APP) of Alzheimer's disease in the middle of the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) domain. It is generally thought that the alpha-secretase pathway mitigates Abeta formation in the normal brain. Several studies have suggested that ADAM9, ADAM 10, and ADAM 17 are candidate alpha-secretases belonging to the ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family, which are membrane-anchored cell surface proteins. In this comparative study of ADAM9, ADAM 10, and ADAM 17, we examined the physiological role of ADAMs by expressing these ADAMs in COS-7 cells, and both "constitutive" and "regulated" alpha-secretase activities of these ADAMs were determined. We tried to suppress the expression of these ADAMs in human glioblastoma A172 cells, which contain large amounts of endogenous alpha-secretase, by lipofection of the double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) encoding each of these ADAMs. The results indicate that ADAM9, ADAM 10, and ADAM 17 catalyze alpha-secretory cleavage and therefore act as alpha-secretases in A172 cells. This is the first report that to suggest the endogenous alpha-secretase is composed of several ADAM enzymes. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.