Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.300, No.4, 884-888, 2003
Cyclooxygenase 2 inhibits SAPK activation in neuronal apoptosis
Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expressed in cultured neuronal PC12 cells under inducible promoter protects cells from trophic withdrawal apoptosis. Stimulation of SAPK is thought to play a significant role in initiation of PC12 cell death. We have therefore examined whether COX-2 expression inhibits trophic withdrawal-mediated activation of SAPK. SAPK activity increased during the first 6h after NGF removal in mock-transfected PC12 cells. COX-2 expression attenuated the increase of SAPK, as detected by Western blot analysis with phosphorylation state specific anti-SAPK antibodies and by SAPK activity assays. We propose that COX-2 attenuated SAPK activation by preventing activation of nNOS, which occurs, as we have shown before. via COX-2-mediated expression of dynein light chain (DLC). Activation of SAPK in neuronal cell death was attenuated by DLC expression. These observations support a role for NO production and SAPK activation in the neuronal death mechanisms. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.