Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.299, No.4, 594-598, 2002
The binding of the RyR2 calcium channel to its gating protein FKBP12.6 is oppositely affected by ARVD2 and VTSIP mutations
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy type 2 (ARVD2, OMIM 600996) and stress-induced polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (VTSIP, OMIM 604772) are two cardiac diseases causing juvenile sudden death, both associated with mutations in the RyR2 calcium channel. By using a quantitative yeast two-hybrid system, we show that VTSIP- and ARVD2-associated point mutations influence positively and negatively, respectively, the binding of RyR2 to its gating protein FKBP12.6. These findings suggest that ARVD2 mutations increase RyR2-mediated calcium release to cytoplasm, while VTSIP mutations do not affect significantly cytosolic calcium levels, thereby explaining the clinical differences between the two diseases. The present two-hybrid system appears to be an efficient molecular tool to assay the binding of FKBP12s proteins to both cardiac RyR2 and skeletal muscle RyR1 isoforms, circumventing the full-length expression of this class of giant channels. We also provide evidence of the suitability of this system to test new drugs that target RyRs-FKBP12s interactions and do not affect yeast growth. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.