Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.299, No.3, 459-464, 2002
Dilinoleoylphosphatidylcholine decreases acetaldehyde-induced TNF-alpha generation in Kupffer cells of ethanol-fed rats
We previously reported that dilinoleoylphosphatidylcholine (DLPC) decreases lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-alpha generation by Kupffer cells of ethanol-fed rats by blocking p38, ERK1/2, and NF-kappaB activation. Here we show that DLPC also decreases TNF-alpha induction by acetaldehyde, a toxic metabolite released by ethanol oxidation. Acetaldehyde induces TNF-alpha generation with a maximal effect at 200 muM and activates p38 and ERK1/2; the latter in turn activates NF-kappaB This effect is augmented in Kupffer cells of ethanol-fed rats, with upregulation of cytochrome P4502E1 by ethanol. DLPC decreases TNF-alpha generation by blocking p38, ERK1/2, and NF-kappaB activation. Likewise, SB203580, which abolishes p38 activation, and PD098059, which abrogates ERK1/2 and NF-kappaB activation, diminish TNF-alpha generation. Since increased TNF-a generation plays a pathogenic role in alcoholic liver disease, the DLPC action on Kupffer cells may explain, in part, its beneficial effects on liver cell injury after ethanol consumption. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.