Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.299, No.3, 455-458, 2002
Alternative splicing variants of the human DBL (MCF-2) proto-oncogene
The DBL (MCF-2) proto-oncogene is a prototype guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) that modulates the Rho family of GTPases. In this communication we describe the isolation of three novel splicing variants of Dbl. The prototype Dbl gene (designated var.1 here) contains 25 exons, while splicing variant 2 (var.2) lacks exons 23 and 24.Var.3 contains additional 3 exons from 5'-UTR in place of exon 1, while var.4, var.2, and var.3 contain a 48 bp insertion between exons 10 and 11, resulting in the insertion of 16 amino acids. We found that var.1 was expressed only in brain, whereas var.3 was expressed in heart, kidney, spleen, liver, and testis, and var.4 in brain, heart, kidney, testis, placenta, stomach, and peripheral blood. The Dbl protein was detectable in brain, heart, kidney, intestine, muscle, lung, and testis. An assay for GEF activity revealed that the var.2 exhibits decreased GEF activity towards Cdc42, var.3 exhibits a weak but significant activity toward Racl and Cdc42, var.4 exhibits significant activity toward RhoA and Cdc42, while var.1 exhibits no activity toward RhoA, Rac1, or Cdc42. In summary, we describe 4 splicing variants of the human DBL proto-oncogene that show different tissue distributions and GEF specificities. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.