Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.296, No.5, 1366-1371, 2002
Acidophilic character of yeast PID261/BUD32, a putative ancestor of eukaryotic protein kinases
Yeast piD261/Bud32 and its homologues are present in eukaryotes and in archaea but not in bacteria and are believed to make up a primordial branch of the eukaryotic protein kinase superfamily. Here, we show that, at variance with the majority of Ser/Thr protein kinases which recognize phosphoacceptor sites specified by basic and/or proline residues, piD261 phosphorylates in vitro a number of acidic proteins and peptides, and it recognizes seryl residues specified by carboxylic side chains. These data suggest that recognition of acidic sites might have been a primordial trait of protein kinases, which was modified during evolution to cope with the increasing complexity of protein phosphorylation in eukaryotes. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.