Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.296, No.5, 1251-1256, 2002
The conformational alteration of the mutated extracellular domain of Fas in an adult T cell leukemia cell line
Fas (APO-1/CD95) is a cell surface receptor involved in apoptosis. Almost all adult T cell leukemia (ATL) cells express abundant Fas antigen and show apoptosis induced by IgM anti-Fas monoclonal antibody (mAb). We established the ATL cell line, RSO4, which was obtained from Fas-sensitive ATL cell line SO4 and showed resistance to apoptosis induced by the mAb. By sequencing analysis of Fas gene, we found the mutation with the transition of A-G at nucleotide 373 at exon 2 among the extracellular domain (ECD), resulting in substitution of arginine for histidine. The molecular modeling suggested the definitive conformational alteration around residues 52-58 among the cysteine-rich domain (CRD) 1. It was suggested that the polymerization of Fas antigen, which was the essential process for the efficient induction of apoptosis, was interfered by the alteration of CRD I, and that this portion, named the "histidine-rich region," played a critical role in Fas assembly. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.