Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.296, No.1, 139-144, 2002
Effects of hyperactive Janus kinase 2 signaling in mammary epithelial cells
Prolactin, the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and the signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) are important for mammary gland development and have also been implicated in development and growth of breast tumors. In the present study we have investigated the role for JAK2 in proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of the mammary epithelial cell line HC11 by stably overexpressing two hyperactive JAK2 mutants. Cells expressing a JAK2 mutant consisting of only the kinase domain had high amount of nuclear STAT5 protein with low DNA-binding activity, which was rapidly induced to a DNA-binding state by prolactin treatment. Cells expressing JAK2 deleted of the kinase-like domain showed increased sensitivity to prolactin treatment compared to wild type cells. Proliferation was not affected by any of the mutants whereas the ability to undergo apoptosis was decreased implicating a transforming potential of the JAK2 mutants. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.