Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.294, No.5, 1109-1113, 2002
Dual regulation of phospholipase D1 by protein kinase C alpha in vivo
The regulation of phospholipase D1 (PLD1), which has been shown to be activated by protein kinase C (PKC) alpha, was investigated in the human melanoma cell lines. In G361 cell line, which lacks PKCalpha, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)induced PLD activation was potentiated by introducing PKCa by the adenovirus vector. The kinase-negative PKCalpha elevated TPA-induced PLD activity less significantly than the wild type. A PKC specific inhibitor GF109203X lowered PLD activation in the cells expressing PKCalpha, but did not prevent PLD potentiation induced by the kinase-negative PKCalpha. Expression of PKCbetaII and the kinase-negative PKCbetaII enhanced TPA-stimulated PLD activity moderately in MeWo cell line, in which PKCbetaII is absent. Furthermore, the TPA treatment increased the association of PKCa, PKCbetaII, and their kinase-negative mutants with PLD1 in melanoma cells. These results indicate that PLD1 is dually regulated through phosphorylation as well as through the protein-protein interaction by PKCalpha, and probably by PKCbetaII, in vivo. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.