Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.294, No.5, 1047-1051, 2002
The presence of D-beta-aspartic acid-containing peptides in elastic fibers of sun-damaged skin: a potent marker for ultraviolet-induced skin aging
Biologically uncommon D-aspartyl residues have been reported in proteins of various elderly tissues. We prepared a polyclonal antibody against D-beta-Asp-containing peptide and examined its immunoreactivity in the skin. The antibody recognized integrated or disintegrated elastic fibers in the sun-exposed skin but not in the sun-protected skin of the elderly donors. Western blot analysis of the proteins isolated from sun-damaged skin demonstrated that the 50kDa protein was immunoreactive with both antibodies for D-beta-Asp-containing peptide and elastin. Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation on normal skin caused the appearance Of D-beta-Asp-containing peptide-immunoreactive fibers in the dermis. These results suggest that UV irradiation is closely related to the formation Of D-beta-Asp in the elastic fibers of skin. We propose that the antibody could be a useful indicator for sun damage of the skin. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.