Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.294, No.5, 995-1000, 2002
Effects of a non-IGF binding mutant of IGFBP-5 on cell death in human breast cancer cells
We have demonstrated previously that IGFBP-5 alone had no effect on cell death but modulated ceramide-induced apoptosis in Hs578T IGF non-responsive cells. To investigate if IGFBP-5 maintains its intrinsic ability to modulate apoptosis in IGF-responsive cells, we used a non-IGF binding mutant of IGFBP-5. In Hs578T cells, non-glycosylated, glycosylated or mutant IGFBP-5 alone each had no effect on cell death, whereas all forms inhibited ceramide-induced apoptosis. In IGF-responsive MCF-7 cells, each wild type form reduced ceramide-induced cell death but mutant IGFBP-5 was without effect. In the presence of mutant IGFBP-5, however, IGF-I no longer conferred survival and in the presence of wild type IGFBP-5, long R3 IGF-I was also unable to confer survival. In summary, all forms of IGFBP-5 modulated ceramide-induced apoptosis in Hs578T cells. In MCF-7 cells, IGF-I-induced survival could be facilitated by IGFBP-5, but also blocked by IGFBP-5 if association with IGFBP-5 was prevented. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.