Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.294, No.2, 414-422, 2002
Involvement of IL-1 beta and IL-10 in IFN-alpha-mediated antiviral gene induction in human hepatoma cells
Crosstalk between interferons (IFNs) and several cytokines is likely to play an important role in viral clearance in chronic hepatitides B and C. We investigated the influence of this phenomenon on IFN-inducible antiviral gene expression in HuH-7 human hepatoma cells. HuH-7 cells were treated with IFN-alpha in the absence or presence of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) or IL-10 and the expression of antiviral genes such as 2'5'-oligoadenylate synthetase (2'5'-OAS) and double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR), as well as activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription I (STAT1), a key step for relaying the IFN-alpha signals, was analyzed by Northern blotting, Western blotting, and the reporter gene transfection assay. IL-1beta potentiated IFN-alpha-induced 2'5'-OAS and PKR gene expression, similar to expression of the transfected reporter genes containing the IFN-stimulated regulatory elements, while IL-10 suppressed IFN-alpha-stimulated gene expression. With regard to IFN-alpha signaling, IL-1beta enhanced both tyrosine and serine phosphorylation of STAT1 through p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. In contrast, IL-10 inhibited IFN-alpha-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT1 by induction of a Janus kinase inhibitor, JAB. IL-1beta and IL-10 interact with IFN-alpha to up- and down-regulate antiviral gene expression, respectively, by modulating STAT1 activation induced by IFN-alpha. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.