Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.293, No.4, 1254-1261, 2002
Analysis of gene expression patterns during glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis using oligonucleotide arrays
To determine the genes responsible for mediating the effects of glucocorticoids (GCs) on leukemic cells, transcriptional changes in GC-sensitive human pre-B leukemia 697 cells during GC-induced apoptosis were monitored using oligonucleotide microarrays. To circumvent the challenge of recovering mRNAs from dying cells, we compared the pattern of gene expression with that of 697 cells protected from apoptosis by transfection with bcl-2. Of the 12,000 genes examined for their response to GC, 93 genes were induced and 28 genes were repressed, many of which are known to be implicated in signal transduction, growth arrest, and transcription. These included the signal transduction-related genes encoding SOCS1, SOCS2. FKBP51, DSCR1, p56lck, and four protein kinase phosphatases, Growth arrest-related genes encoding p19(INK4d) and several Myc inhibitors were induced in response to the GC treatment. Anti-proliferative- or apoptosis-related genes encoding BTG1, BTG2, and granzyme A were also found to be transcriptionally up-regulated by GC. In addition, the regulation of genes encoding the glucocorticoid receptor and steroid receptor coactivator-1 suggested autoregulation of a GC-mediated signaling pathway. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.