Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.292, No.3, 632-638, 2002
Intestinal metabolism and absorption of cholecystokinin analogs in rats
Intestinal metabolism and poor permeability were known to be major barriers for oral absorption of large peptide drugs. Dimensionless wall permeability values of C-terminal octa- and tetra-peptides cholecystokinin analogs (CCK8 and CCK4) were estimated and found out to be greater than 1, suggesting no permeability-limited absorption for CCK analogs. Thus, a strategy employing enzyme inhibitors and a specific delivery site to improve the absorption was developed and tested with CCK8, followed by identification of metabolites of the analogs and their participating enzymes in rabbit brush-border membrane vesicles. Thiorphan and amastatin, a specific enzyme inhibitor for enkephalinase and aminopeptidase, respectively, in pH 4 buffer solution were coadministered with CCK8 to the ileum in fistulated rats. The absolute bioavailability (F) of CCK8 was 5.4% and increased to 19% in the presence of the enzyme inhibitors, while the F values following oral administration were close to zero. These results indicate that peptide oral delivery is possible. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).