Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.291, No.5, 1160-1165, 2002
Genomic organization and regulation of a human 7-helix transmembrane receptor which is expressed in pulmonary epithelial cells and induced in hypoxia
The genetic, regulatory, and tissue-specific characterization of G-protein-coupled receptors is substantial since it contributes to the identification of the natural ligand which may influence basic physiological processes and cell function. Here we explored the genomic structure of a human orphan seven-transmembrane receptor which presents the human homologue of a receptor which has been controversially identified as a rat adrenomedullin receptor subtype. Based on the cDNA sequence a 3.4 kb genomic DNA fragment was isolated. Sequencing of the fragment and comparison studies revealed an intron of 544 bp in the 5' untranslated region, followed by a second exon encoding the receptor protein of 404 amino acids. The gene is localized on chromosome 12q. The 5' regulatory region contains several SP1, AP2, and CAAT sites as well as hypoxia responsive elements (HRE) both in the 5' and 3' regulatory region. RT-PCR with intron spanning primers demonstrated mRNA signals in various tissues, especially in lung. Characterizing the histological expression pattern in lung sections by non-isotopic in situ hybridization, a strong signal of receptor mRNA was identified in pulmonary epithelial cells of bronchi and alveoli. Analysis of the two human pulmonary epithelial cell lines, H23 and A549, showed significant mRNA induction of this receptor subtype in hypoxia. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).