Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.291, No.4, 1006-1013, 2002
Antifungal mechanism of an antimicrobial peptide, HP (2-20), derived from N-terminus of Helicobacter pylori ribosomal protein L1 against Candida albicans
The antifungal activity and mechanism of HP (2-20), a peptide derived from the N-terminus sequence of Helicobacter pylori Ribosomal Protein L1 were investigated. HP (2-20) displayed a strong antifungal activity against various fungi, and the antifungal activity was inhibited by Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions. In order to investigate the antifungal mechanism(s) of HP (2-20), fluorescence activated flow cytometry was performed. As determined by propidium iodide staining, Candida albicans treated with HP (2-20) showed a higher fluorescence intensity than untreated cells and was similar to melittin-treated cells. The effect on fungal cell membranes was examined by investigating the change in membrane dynamics of C. albicans using 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene as a membrane probe and by testing the membrane disrupting activity using liposome (POPS; 3:1, w/w) and by treating protoplasts of C. albicans with the peptide. The action of peptide against fungal cell membrane was further examined by the potassium-release test, and HP (2-20) was able to increase the amount of K+ released from the cells. The result suggests that HP (2-20) may exert its antifungal activity by disrupting the structure of cell membrane via pore formation or directly interacts with the lipid bilayers in a salt-dependent manner. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).