Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.291, No.3, 593-597, 2002
Substrate specificity of penicillin acylase from Streptomyces lavendulae
The kinetic parameters of several substrates of penicillin acylase from Streptomyces lavendulae have been determined. The enzyme hydrolyses phenoxymethyl penicillin (penicillin V) and other penicillins with aliphatic acyl-chains such as penicillin F, dihydroF, and K. The best substrate was penicillin K (octanoyl penicillin) with a k(cat)/K-m of 165.3 mM(-1) s(-1). The enzyme hydrolyses also chromogenic substrates as NIPOAB (2-nitro-5-phenoxyacetamido benzoic acid), NIHAB (2-nitro-5-hexanoylamido benzoic acid) or NIOAB (2-nitro-5-octanoylamido benzoic acid), however failed to hydrolyse phenylacetil penicillin (penicillin G) or NIPAB (2-nitro-5-phenylacetamido benzoic acid) and penicillins with polar substituents in the acyl moiety. These results suggest that the structure of the acyl moiety of the substrate is more determinant than the amino moiety for enzyme specificity. The enzyme was inhibited by several organic acids and the extent of inhibition changed with the hydrophobicity of the acid. The best inhibitor was octanoic acid with a K-i of 0.8 mM. All the results, taking together, point to an active site highly hydrophobic for this penicillin acylase from Streptomyces lavendulae. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).