Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.290, No.1, 431-437, 2002
Alternative splicing determines the domain structure of WWP1, a Nedd4 family protein
Nedd-4-like proteins are E3 ubiquitin-ligase molecules which regulate key trafficking decisions, including targeting of proteins to proteosomes or lysosomes. Here we show that a human Nedd4 family gene, WWP1, is localized on 8q21 and generates at least six isoforms through alternative splicing. We show that alternative splicing affects the domain structure of WWP1, with forms that contain or lack an N-terminal C2 domain. Interestingly, the relative ratio of these forms varies in a tissue-specific manner. Other splice forms were also identified which may disrupt the structure of the C2 domain by removing its predicted C-terminal beta-strands. One splice form generates, through the introduction of a reading frame shift, a C2 domain-only form of WWP1. We discuss the hypothesis that regulation of splice site usage may modulate the activity of WWP1 and possibly other Nedd4 family proteins. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science.