Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.287, No.1, 42-46, 2001
Syndecan-4 as antithrombin receptor of human neutrophils
Antithrombin inhibits chemokine-induced migration of neutrophils by activating heparan sulfate proteoglycan-dependent signaling. Mechanisms of antithrombin's effects on neutrophils were, therefore, studied by testing function and expression of heparan sulfate proteoglycans in RT-PCR or flow cytometry and cell migration assays, respectively. In vitro effects of antithrombin on human neutrophil migration in modified Boyden chambers were abolished by pretreating cells with heparinase-1, chondroitinase, sodium chlorate, and anti-syndecan-4 antibodies. Expression of syndecan-4 mRNA and protein in neutrophils was demonstrated in RT-PCR and anti-syndecan-4 immunoreactivity assay, respectively. In the presence of pentasaccharide, antithrombin lost its activity on the cells. Data suggest that antithrombin regulates neutrophil migration via effects of its heparin-binding site on cell surface syndecan-4.