Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.286, No.2, 305-310, 2001
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein deficiency causes slow egg embryonation of Schistosoma japonicum
In our attempt to discover a potential cause for accumulation of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) deficiency in Eastern Asia, we studied the association of CETP deficiency with pathogenesis of Schistosoma japonicum, a life-threatening parasite peculiar to this region. The eggs of S. japonicum showed slow embryonation when cultured in CETP-deficient human plasma. Restoration of CETP to the deficient plasma rescued it, while inhibition of CETP in normal plasma did not cause slow embryonation of the cultured eggs. The egg embryonation was also retarded in the liver but not in the intestine of wild-type mice in comparison to the CETP-transgenic mice. The granulomatous lesion around the parasite eggs in the liver was less in the wild-type than in the CETP-transgenic mice. Thus, CETP deficiency may act against Schistosomiasis japonica by retarding egg embryonation, a potential cause of liver granulomatosis. It does not seem directly due to the lack of CETP activity in plasma but to abnormal lipoprotein generated by chronic CETP deficiency.