Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.286, No.2, 250-258, 2001
Cloning, chromosomal mapping, and characteristic 5'-UTR sequence of murine cytosolic sialidase
We have totally sequenced a cytosolic sialidase [EC 184.108.40.206] by RT-PCR from the murine thymus (murine thymic sialidase, NITS) which has a 1844-base length (encoding 385 amino acids including two sialidase motifs) and is the longest cytosolic sialidase ever reported. MTS has high and relatively low homologies with those of mammalian cytosolic sialidases from the mouse brain (99%), rat (91%), and human skeletal muscle (75%), and those of the mouse lysosomal (47%) and membrane-bound (51%) sialidases, respectively. Chromosomal mapping, being the first report of mouse cytosolic sialidase gene, showed that the MTS gene is localized to the distal part of mouse chromosome 1D and to rat chromosome 9q36. RT-PCR with the site-specific primers revealed that the coding region was expressed in all organs tested, but expressions including the 5'-UTR were barely detectable except for in the upper-thymic fraction. Also, soluble sialidase activity in the thymus was the highest of these organs. There were mRNA instability signals and AT-rich regions in 143 bp of NITS 5'-end.