Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.283, No.5, 1037-1045, 2001
TRAIL-induced apoptosis in type I leukemic cells is not enhanced by overexpression of Bax
We have previously shown that Bax translocation was crucial in TNF alpha or etoposide-induced apoptosis. Overexpression of Bax sensitized chronic myeloid leukemic K562 cells to etoposide-induced apoptosis, Treatment with TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (Delta Psim), cytochrome c release from mitochondria, activation of caspases-8, -9, and -3, and cleavage of Bid in the K562 cell Line. Bax failed to sensitize K562 cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. TRAIL did not induce Bax expression and/or translocation from cytosol to mitochondria in the K562 cell line. However, 100 muM Z-VAD.fmk, a pan caspase inhibitor, completely blocked TRAIL-initiated mitochondrial alterations and cleavages of caspases and Bid. We propose that TRAIL-induced apoptosis in K562 cells is via Type I apoptotic signal pathway. Bax translocation is not essential for TRAIL-induced cytochrome c release and Delta Psim collapse in the Type I cells.