Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.281, No.2, 409-415, 2001
Repression of CD2 gene expression is mediated by an AP-2 related factor
Tissue specific and developmental expression of the CD2 gene is tightly regulated during T cell development. DNase I hypersensitivity analysis has revealed the presence of two sites (DHS1 and 2) located 5' to the CD2 gene which have been reported to be implicated in the developmental regulation of expression of CD2, The location of DHS2 marks the position of the minimal promoter whereas DHS1 is located approximately 1800 bp upstream. We show that repressor and derepressor activities are contained within the region of DNA marked by DHS1, The repressor is capable of regulating homologous and heterologous promoters regardless of orientation. This activity is entirely dependent upon the presence of an AP-2 binding site as mutation of this site resulted in a loss of repressor activity. A nuclear factor found in Jurkat cells specifically binds this site but was shown to be serologically distinct from AP-2.