Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.281, No.2, 305-310, 2001
Proteasome inhibitors sensitize human vascular smooth muscle cells to Fas (CD95)-mediated death
It was investigated whether proteasome activity was implicated in susceptibility of human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to Fas-mediated death. Human fetal aorta smooth muscle cells were treated with agonistic anti-Fas antibody (CH11) and proteasome inhibitors (MG115 or MG132) and then cell death was determined by morphology, viability, and DNA fragmentation. The present study reports that: (a) crosslinking of Fas receptor with anti-Fas antibody in the presence of proteasome inhibitor-induced death and DNA degradation in human VSMCs that were blocked by caspases inhibitor z-DEVD.fmk; (b) cotreatment with anti-Fas antibody and proteasome inhibitor activated caspase-3; (c) proteasome inhibitors did not influence expression of procaspase-8, procaspase-3, c-FLIP, and Bcl-2; and (d) proteasome inhibitors upregulated Fas and FADD, The data indicate that proteasome activity is important in survival of VSMCs and provide the first evidence that proteasome is involved in Fas signal transduction. The present study proposes novel mechanism(s) by which VSMCs become susceptible to FasL.