Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.280, No.4, 1189-1196, 2001
Cloning of a D-serine-regulated transcript dsr-1 from the rat cerebral cortex
To obtain insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying the metabolism and functions of endogenous D-serine, we have explored D-serine-regulated transcripts in the neocortex of the infant rat treated with acute D-serine administration by using an RNA fingerprinting technique. Cloning and sequence analysis of the corresponding cDNAs to the identified transcripts have revealed that the dsr-l (D-serine responsive transcript-1) mRNA is presumed to contain a novel sequence at the 5'-region, while the 631-base nucleotide sequence of its S'-end is identical with that of rat M9.2 mRNA encoding a subunit of vacuolar type proton-ATPase. The predicted two open reading frames and their deduced amino acid sequences suggest that the dsr-l product has a membrane spanning domain. The dsr-l transcript was detected as a single band around 2.1 kb on the Northern blot. RT-PCR analyses have indicated that the dsr-l transcript is expressed predominantly in the brain, lung, and testis, and that acute intraperitoneal injection of D-serine significantly upregulates dsr-l expression in the neocortex 3 and 15 h later without affecting the levels of the M9.2 gene transcript. These results suggest that dsr-l products may be involved in the D-serine-related metabolic or signaling pathways in mammalian brains.