화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.275, No.1, 115-120, 2000
Retinoblastoma protein phosphorylation via PI 3-kinase and mTOR pathway regulates adipocyte differentiation
In the early phase of adipocyte differentiation, transient increase of DNA synthesis, called clonal expansion, and transient hyperphosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein (Rb) are observed. We investigated the role of these phenomena in insulin-induced adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. Insulin-induced clonal expansion, Rb phosphorylation and adipocyte differentiation were all inhibited by the PI 3 kinase inhibitors and rapamycin, but not the MEK inhibitor, whereas the MEK inhibitor, but not PI 3-kinase inhibitors or rapamycin, decreased c-fos induction. We conclude that insulin induces hyperphosphorylation of Rb via PI 3-kinase and mTOR dependent pathway, which promotes clonal expansion and adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells.