화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.272, No.3, 749-757, 2000
Transcriptional regulation of human cardiac homeobox gene CSX1
Cardiac homeobox gene Csx/Nkx-2.5 is essential for normal heart development and morphogenesis and is the earliest marker for cardiogenesis. To elucidate the regulatory mechanisms of Csx/Nkx-2.5 expression, we have isolated and characterized the upstream regulatory region of human Csx/Nkx-2.5 (CSX1). Transfection of the reporter gene containing a 965-bp CSX1 5' flanking region indicated that this region confers cardiomyocyte-predominant expression of CSX1. Deletion and mutational analyses revealed two positive cis-regulatory elements in this region that are essential for CSX1 expression in cardiomyocytes. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay revealed that nuclear proteins prepared from cardiac myocytes bound to these elements in a sequence-specific manner. The identification of cis-regulatory sequences of the Csx/Nkx-2.5 gene will facilitate further analysis for the upstream regulatory factors that control the expression of Csx/Nkx-2.5 and the process of vertebrate heart development.