Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.269, No.2, 633-640, 2000
The suppression of small GTPase Rho signal transduction pathway inhibits angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo
Angiogenesis consists of multistep pathways such as the degradation of the matrix, proliferation of the endothelial cells, motility of the endothelial cells, formation of the cord structure and network formation of microvessels. The small GTPase Rho participates in cell motility through actin fiber polymerization. The role of the small GTPase Rho signal transduction pathway in regulating angiogenesis, however, is still unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of the small GTPase Rho signal transduction pathway in angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo using the exoenzyme, Clostridium botulinum C3 transferase, which specifically suppresses Rho and a compound, Y-27632, which suppresses p160ROCK (Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase). In this paper, we showed that the small GTPase Rho-p160ROCK signal transduction pathway played an important role in angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo. These results suggest that inhibition of the small GTPase Rho signal transduction pathway by the p160ROCK inhibitor could be a possible new strategy for angiogenic diseases.