Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.267, No.3, 855-862, 2000
The C1orf9 gene encodes a putative transmembrane member of a novel protein family
Here we report the characterization of a human mRNA encoding a novel protein denoted C1orf9 (chromosome 1 open reading frame 9). The cDNA sequence, derived from a testis cDNA library, contains 5700 bp which encodes an open reading frame of 1254 amino acids, The deduced protein contains a putative N-terminal signal peptide and one putative transmembrane region, indicating membrane localization. No significant homology was found with known characterized proteins. However, a 150 amino acid region has significant homology to deduced protein sequences from other organisms, including Caenorhabditis elegans (43% identity), Saccharomyces cerevisiae (47% identity), Schizosaccharomyces pombe (48% identity), and two proteins from Arabidopsis thaliana (42% and 40% identity), suggesting a novel family of conserved domains. The Clorf9 gene was assigned to chromosome 1q24. The gene spans approximately 78.7 kb and is organized into at least 24 exons. Expression analysis revealed a single Clorf9 mRNA species of approximately 6.0 kb with a predominant expression in pancreas and testis, and only low levels of expression in other tissues examined.