Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.267, No.2, 632-637, 2000
Interactions between cancer and bone marrow cells induce osteoclast differentiation factor expression and osteoclast-like cell formation in vitro
Cancer cells metastasized to bone induce osteoclastogenesis for bone destruction. Coculture of either mouse melanoma B16 or breast cancer Balb/c-MC cells with mouse bone marrow cells (BMCs) induced osteoclast-like cells, which were not observed when cancer cells were segregated from BMCs, Osteoclast differentiation factor (ODF), also known as receptor activator of NF-KB ligand (RANKL), is a direct mediator of many osteotropic factors. Neither BMCs, B16 nor Balb/c-MC cells alone expressed ODF mRNA. However, coculture of these cancer cells with BMCs induced ODF expression, which was prevented by indomethacin, Moreover, the coculture with cancer cells inhibited secretion of osteoprotegerin/osteoclastogenesis inhibitory factor (OPG/OCIF), an inhibitory decoy receptor for ODF, from BMCs, Thus, enhanced osteoclastogenesis in the presence of cancer cells might be due to an increase in ODF activity. These results suggest that interactions between cancer cells and BMCs induce ODF expression and suppress OPG/OCIF level in metastatic foci resulting in pathological osteoclastogenesis for bone destruction.