Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.357, No.1, 157-161, 2007
Apolipoprotein-J prevention of fetal cardiac myoblast apoptosis induced by ethanol
Over-consumption of ethanol (EtOH) represents a major health problem. This study was to test the cytotoxicity of EtOH in cardiac stem cells or myoblasts, and the potential protective effect of apolipoprotein-J (ApoJ), a stress-responding, chaperone-like protein in high-density lipoprotein, on EtOH-injured cardiac myoblasts. In culture, EtOH-exposed canine fetal myoblasts underwent apoptosis in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Expression ApoJ by cDNA transfection markedly reduced EtOH-induced apoptosis in the cells. ApoJ expression also restored partially the mitochondrial membrane potential and prevented the release of cytochrome-c from mitochondria into cytoplasma. Thus, ApoJ serves as a cytoprotective protein that protects cardiac stem cells against EtOEH cytotoxicity. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved.