Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.356, No.2, 424-430, 2007
Enzymatic synthesis of capsaicin analogs and their effect on the T-type Ca2+ channels
Capsaicin (Cap) and its analogs (CAPanalogs) have diverse effects in sensory neurons including analgesia, implying they modulate other cellular targets besides the TRPV1 Cap receptor. Since Cap and CAPanalogs are not largely available and their chemical synthesis is cumbersome, they have been obtained through a direct lipase-catalyzed reaction. Capsiate, the ester CAPanalog, was synthesized using a novel enzymatic transacylation one-pot strategy. Five different CAPanalogs were synthesized by amidation in 2-methyl-2-butanol with higher yields than previously reported. Voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (Ca(v)s) are among the main Ca2+ entry paths into cells. They are classified as high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels (HVA) and low-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels (LVA) constituted only by T-type channels. Though HVA Ca(v)s are Cap sensitive, it is not known if capsaicitioids inhibit LVA Ca(v)s which participate in the primary sensory neuron pain pathway. Here we first report that Cap, dihydrocapsaicin, N-VAMC(8), N-VAMC(9), and N-VAMC(10) can directly and partially reversibly inhibit T-type Ca(v)s, whereas olvanil, capsiate, and vanillylamine cannot. The Cap inhibition of T-type Cavs was independent of TRPV1 activation. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.