Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.356, No.2, 411-417, 2007
TASR-1 regulates alternative splicing of collagen genes in chondrogenic cells
During the differentiation of chondroprogenitors into mature chondrocytes, the alternative splicing of collagen genes switches from longer isoforms to shorter ones. To investigate the underlying mechanisms, we infected mouse ATDC5 chondroprogenitor cells with retrovirus for stable expression of two closely related SR splicing factors. RT-PCR analysis revealed that TASR-1, but not TASR-2, influenced alternative splicing of type 11 and type XI collagens in ATDC5 cells. The effect of TASR-1 on splicing could be reversed with the addition of insulin. Results from our microarray analysis of ATDC5 cells showed that TASR-1 and TASR-2 differentially affect genes involved in the differentiation of chondrocytes. Of special interest is the finding that TASR-1 could down-regulate expression of type X collagen, a hallmark of hypertrophic chondrocytes. Immuno histo staining demonstrated that TASR-1 protein is more abundantly expressed than TASR-2 in mouse articular chondrocytes, raising the possibility that TASR-1 might be involved in phenotype maintenance of articular chondrocytes. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.