Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.355, No.3, 599-602, 2007
Phase-dependent nucleotide substitution in protein-coding sequences
It is well known that due to the degeneracy of genetic code, most of the silent substitutions appear in the third codon position, so the mutation frequency of the third codon position is Much higher than that of the first two positions. However, it remains unknown whether the directionality of point mutation in three codon positions is similar or not. In this paper, through analyzing 15 sets of orthologous genes, it is revealed that most of the substitution types are significantly different between any two codon positions, especially between the 2nd and the 3rd phases. Furthermore, the average frequencies of each type of substitution calculated from the fifteen sets of orthologous genes are similar to those identified in single nucleotide polymorphisins (SNPs) of human and mouse genome. The present analyses suggest that the nucleotide substitution in protein-coding sequences is not only context-dependent (so called neighboring-nucleotide effects), but also phase-dependent, which is of significance to improving the prevalent nucleotide-evolution models. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.