Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.354, No.4, 913-918, 2007
A p53-type response element in the GDF15 promoter confers high specificity for p53 activation
GDF15 is a transcriptional target gene for p53 and its family members, p63 and p73. Its promoter region contains two p53-type response elements, REI and RE2, and RE2 confers p53-specific transactivation. RE2 contains several mismatches from the canonical p53 response element (RRRCWWGYYY). Two mismatches in the RRR span and T base of the RE2 core sequence in the most 3' quarter-site are critical for inhibiting the binding affinity to p63 and p73 and corresponding promoter activity. Our results strongly suggest that differential DNA-binding affinities between p53 family member proteins act, at least in part, to confer specific target gene activation. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.