Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.354, No.3, 783-788, 2007
Identification of Dok-4b, a Dok-4 splice variant with enhanced inhibitory properties
Dok adapter proteins have been primarily implicated in negative regulation of tyrosine kinase signaling, but Dok-4 has been reported to exert both inhibitory and stimulatory effects. We have identified a splice variant of Dok-4, Dok-4b, which contains a 39 aa insert within the its C-terminal region. The similar to 45 kDa Dok-4b protein was detected in several human epithelial cell lines. Based on genomic sequences, Dok-4b was also predicted to exist in primates and possibly bovines, but not in rodents or other species. Compared to Dok-4, Dok-4b inhibited the tyrosine kinase-induced activation of both Erk and Elk-1 more strongly. Truncation of the C-terminal region of Dok-4 (Dok-4 ACT) also enhanced the inhibitory activity of Dok-4, whereas expression of the isolated C-terminal domain enhanced Elk-1 activation, suggesting that the N-terminus and C-terminus of Dok-4 possess opposing inhibitory and stimulatory properties, respectively, the balance of which is altered by alternative splicing of Dok-4 to Dok-b. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.