Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.354, No.1, 56-61, 2007
Physical dissection of the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha in regulating the mouse amelogenin gene
The amelogenin gene is tightly regulated at the temporal and spatial level in accord with the developmental requirement for tooth formation. Previous studies have shown that CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBP alpha) is a transactivator of the mouse X-chromosomal amelogenin gene. C/EBP alpha contains four highly conserved regions (CR) named CR1, CR2, CR3, and CR4. Transient transfection assays showed that CR2 in isolation had an exceptional capacity to enhance transcription from the 2.3 kb mouse amelogenin promoter. The remaining conserved regions of C/EBP alpha, either in isolation or in selected combinations, were less effective in amelogenin transactivation than the full length C/EBP alpha. Msx2 has previously been shown to antagonize C/EBP alpha through protein protein interactions with C/EBPa, and the carboxyl-terminus of Msx2 is required for protein-protein interactions. Co-immunoprecipitation analyses identified that the carboxyl-terminal domain (residues 218-359) of C/EBP alpha is required for the C/EBP alpha-Msx2 protein-protein interactions. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.